PT. Indira Dwi Mitra

PT.Indira Dwi Mitra - Jual Fire Tube Boiler dan Steam Boiler
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Steam Boiler CPO
Steam Boiler CPO
Steam Boiler CPO
Steam Boiler CPO
Steam Boiler CPO
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Last Updated
24 Mar 2020
Minimum Order
1 unit

Specification of

Fire Tube Boiler

In a palm oil mill Boilers (Boilers) are the heart of a palm oil mill. Where, this steam boiler is the source of energy and sources of steam that will be used to process oil palm. here we will discuss a little about steam boilers used in palm oil mills

Before we discuss the steam boiler used in the palm oil mill. it's good if we know first what a boiler is and what it functions.

Steam boiler is an energy conversion tool that converts water into steam by heating and heat which is needed by water for evaporation obtained from burning fuel in the boiler combustion chamber.

Steam (heat energy) produced by steam boilers can be used on all equipment that requires steam in palm oil mills, especially turbines. The turbine here is a steam turbine where the driving source of the generator is steam produced from a steam boiler. in addition to other tool turbines in palm oil mills that need steam such as in sterilizers (Tools for cooking FFB) and oil refining stations (Clarification). therefore the quality of the steam produced must be in accordance with the needs of the oil palm plant. because if it does not interfere with the processing process in the palm oil mill.

Steam Boiler Fuel


In order for the quality of the steam produced from the steam boiler to be as desired / needed, a certain amount of heat is needed to evaporate the water, where the heat is obtained from burning fuel in the boiler combustion chamber. To get perfect combustion in the kettle, several conditions are needed, namely:


Comparison of fuel consumption must be appropriate (shell and fiber)
The air used must be sufficient
The time needed for the combustion process must be sufficient.
Enough heat to start combustion
Sufficient density to propagate the flame
In this case the fuel used is fibers and shells, but the reasons for using fibers and shells as fuel are:

1. Shell and fiber are sufficiently available and easily obtained in the factory.

2. Shells and fibers are waste from oil palm mills if not used.

3. The calorific value of shell and fiber fuels meets the requirements to produce the heat needed.

4. The remaining fuel combustion can be used as fertilizer for oil palm plants.

5. Prices are more economical.


Shells are a kind of solid fuel that is black shaped like a coconut shell and rather rounded, found on the inside of oil palm fruit which is enveloped by fibers.

In this shell fuel there are various chemical elements including: Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H2), Nitrogen (N2), Oxygen (O2) and Abu. Where the chemical elements contained in shells have a different percentage (%). The shells fuel after experiencing the combustion process will turn into charcoal, then the charcoal in the presence of air in the kitchen will fly as a small particle size called incandescent peaticles.

If the use of this shell is too much of the fibers will inhibit the combustion process due to the buildup of charcoal and the flame is not perfect, and if the shell is used a little, the heat produced will be low. Because the shell when burned will release a large amount of heat.

Fibers are solid fuels that are shaped like hair, if they have undergone a process of processing light brown color, these fibers are found in the second part of the oil palm fruit after the fruit husk of oil palm. In the fibers and flesh of the fruit palm oil CPO oil is contained.

The amount of heat produced by fibers is smaller than that produced by the shell, therefore a greater proportion of fibers than the shells. Aside from the fibers, they become ash more quickly when burned, excessive use of fibers will adversely affect the combustion process because it can inhibit the heat propagation process on the water wall pipe, due to the ash from combustion flying in the kitchen room and covering the water wall pipe, besides making it difficult to discharge from the expansion door (Exit for ash and charcoal) due to excessive buildup.

The table below shows the elemental composition in fibers and shells.

Untuk keterangan lebih lanjut, silahkan download PDF ini :

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