PT. Indira Dwi Mitra

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Fabrikasi Deaerator water heater
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Last Updated
27 Jun 2020
Minimum Order
1 unit

Specification of

The function of boilers and their main components should be worth knowing, especially for those who are working in factories that use this tool. Basically, industrial equipment is indeed endless to be discussed, after in the previous article we have reviewed various kinds of industrial tools such as pumps, evaporators, desalter, condensers and so on. This article will discuss the boiler because this tool is one of the tools commonly used in oil refineries and in other factories. Of course you have all heard the name of this tool, but you may not understand what is meant by a boiler, boiler function and its main components. To understand this, please read the review below.

Factory using a boiler (source: www.geograph.org.uk)
Main Boiler Functions and Components
Basically a boiler is a device that serves to heat water by using heat from the combustion of fuel, the heat from combustion then the combustion heat is poured into the water to produce steam (water vapor that has a high temperature). From this understanding, we can conclude that the boiler functions to produce steam (steam) which can be used for subsequent processes / needs. As we know that steam can be used to maintain the temperature in the petroleum distillation column and the evaporation process in the evaporator. Generally the fuel used to heat the boiler is coal, gas, and fuel oil.

Parts of the Boiler and their Functions
Just as pumps, compressors and other factory equipment are composed of various components so that the device can operate and carry out its role. Boilers are also composed of various components with their respective functions. Below is the function of each component in the boiler, namely:

1. Furnace Ignition (Furnace)
This part is the place where burning of fuel will be a source of heat, the process of receiving heat by water media is done through pipes that have been drained of water, the pipe is attached to the wall of the furnace. The process of transferring heat to the furnace occurs in three ways:
Radiation heat transfer, where there will be a radiant heat from a fire or gas that will stick to the tube wall so that the heat will be absorbed by the fluid flowing in it.
Conduction heat transfer, heat flows through the conduit from the side of the pipe that receives heat into the side of the pipe which gives heat to the water.
Convection heat transfer. heat that occurs with the contact of water molecules so that heat will spread to every stream of water.

Inside the furnace, the combustion chamber is divided into two parts, namely the first room and the second room. In the first room, there will be a direct heating of the heat source received by the tube (pipe), while in the second room at the top, the heat received comes from the burning air from the first chamber. So, the function of the second heating room is to absorb the heat wasted from the first heating room, so that the heat energy that is wasted free is not too large, and to control the heat of the fluid that has been heated in the first room so as not to experience excessive heat loss .

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